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About this report  
The purpose of this report is to inform you of how agencies intend to implement the Electric 
Vehicles Programme (the Programme) announced on 5 May 2016. This includes information 
about the timing of deliverables and key decisions that we will seek from you. 
A summary of the actions to implement the Programme is set out in the attached A3. 
Information about the implementation of each measure under the Programme is attached as 
Appendix 1. 
The New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA), Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority 
(EECA), Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE – specifically, the Energy 
Markets Policy, NZ Government Procurement, ACC Policy units), the Accident 
Compensation Corporation (ACC), and Inland Revenue Department (IRD) have provided the 
content in Appendix 1 for the measures that they lead. 
Amendments to this briefing following its submission to your office 
On 27 May 2016, your office provided comments on this briefing requesting: 
amendments to the key messages for some of the measures 
more information about EECA’s public outreach activities under the electric vehicles 
information and promotion campaign. 
We made changes to this briefing in response to the comments above. 
As requested, we also provided to your office advice about whether the amendments to 
transport legislation to implement the Programme could be progressed through the Land 
Transport Amendment Bill or a Road User Charges Amendment Bill. We can provide you 
with this information if you wish to see it. 
On 5 May 2016, you publicly announced the Government’s Electric Vehicle Programme 
which aims to increase the uptake of electric vehicles in New Zealand. The package also 
aims to develop the electric vehicle market in New Zealand, and the supporting infrastructure 
for that market. 
The Programme includes: 
a target of doubling the number of electric vehicles in New Zealand every year to 
reach approximately 64,000 by 2021 
extending the Road User Charges (RUC) exemption on light electric vehicles until 
they make up two percent of the light vehicle fleet 
a new RUC exemption for heavy electric vehicles until they make up two percent of 
the heavy vehicle fleet 
work across Government and private sector to investigate the bulk purchase of 
electric vehicles 
government agencies coordinating activities to support the development and roll-out 
of public charging infrastructure including providing information and guidance 
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$1 million annually for a nation-wide electric vehicle information and promotion 
a contestable fund of up to $6 million per year to encourage and support innovative 
low emission vehicle projects 
enabling road controlling authorities to allow electric vehicles in bus lanes and high-
occupancy vehicle lanes on the State Highway network and local roads 
a review of tax depreciation rates and the method for calculating fringe benefit tax to 
ensure electric vehicles are not being unfairly disadvantaged 
9.10.  establishing an electric vehicles leadership group across business, local and central 
The package will address barriers to the uptake of electric vehicles, including the limited 
supply of models in New Zealand, lack of awareness and misconceptions about electric 
vehicles, and a lack of widespread public charging infrastructure. 
Programme governance 
We have responsibility for the coordination and delivery of the Programme, with support from 
the NZTA, EECA, MBIE, IRD and ACC.  
To fulfil this role, we have convened an Electric Vehicles Programme Working Group (the 
Working Group) comprising the Ministry of Transport, MBIE, EECA and NZTA to ensure that 
the implementation of the Electric Vehicles Programme is coordinated, and to drive the 
delivery of the Programme as a whole. The Working Group is governed by agreed terms of 
reference (attached) and will work to the Electric Vehicles Programme Steering Group. 
We will chair an Electric Vehicles Programme Steering Group (the Steering Group) of chief 
executives or tier two managers from MBIE, EECA and NZTA. The Steering Group will 
ensure the successful implementation of the Programme by ensuring that the key agencies 
are appropriately resourced, opportunities for synergy are grasped, and risks are managed. 
In accordance with principles of good governance, individual agencies will remain 
accountable for delivering the initiatives for which they are responsible. The lead agencies 
for each of the measures in the Programme are set out in the attached A3. 
The Electric Vehicles Programme Leadership Group (the Leadership Group) is not expected 
to make decisions, but it could: 
15.1.  provide strategic leadership to the Programme as appropriate 
15.2.  be a reference panel to test ideas and decisions with before they are implemented 
15.3.  act as a conduit for information sharing between central and local government, and 
Overarching communications and stakeholder engagement approach 
We are preparing an overarching communications plan for the Programme in consultation 
with MBIE, EECA and NZTA. The plan will include the key messages for each component of 
the Programme (these key messages are contained in each of the subsequent sections of 
this report).  
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Establishment of an Electric Vehicles Programme Leadership Group 
Cabinet decisions 
On 21 March 2016, Cabinet: 
24.1.  agreed that to provide ongoing leadership and coordination for the total government-
industry package, a group of seven to eight representatives from industry, local 
government and relevant government agencies be convened 
24.2.  invited you to decide on the terms of reference, membership and administrative 
arrangements for that group [CAB-16-MIN-0108.01 refers]. 
Timing of key deliverables and milestones 
We will develop draft terms of reference, including recommendations about the membership 
of the Leadership Group, in consultation with key agencies and provide this to you for 
consideration in the week of 20 June 2016. 
Subject to your agreement, we will provide you with letters appointing the members of the 
group in early July and seek to convene the first meeting of the Leadership Group in late July 
At this stage, we propose that the Leadership Group meet on a quarterly basis. We will 
provide secretariat support to the Leadership Group. 
Stakeholder communications and engagement 
The terms of reference will cover communications and engagement matters such as: 
28.1.  protocols for informing members of matters relevant to the successful implementation 
of the Programme 
28.2.  the treatment of information and advice provided in-confidence 
28.3.  management of conflicts of interest. 
The following key messages to respond to enquiries about the Leadership Group have been 
approved by your office: 
  The Ministry of Transport will convene a Leadership Group with up to eight 
representatives from industry, local government and relevant government agencies. 
  Decisions about the membership of the Leadership Group, and its terms of reference, 
are still under consideration. 
  People who have demonstrated leadership in this area, and are interested in joining the 
panel, can contact the Ministry of Transport on 04 439 9000 or [email address].  
  It is planned that the Leadership Group will be in place in the next few months. 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Risks and mitigations 
Regardless of which parties you appoint to the Leadership Group, there will almost certainly 
be organisations who do not feel adequately represented. For this reason, we recommend 
drawing on local government and industry associations in some cases, and encouraging the 
sector to work through these bodies. This would also help minimise the risk of government 
being perceived as giving a particular company an advantage over competitors.  
In cases where particular organisations have shown strong leadership on electric vehicle 
issues, we would also recommend they be considered for the Leadership Group. 
The terms of reference will include protocols for dealing with any actual or potential conflicts 
of interest that members have. 
Discussion point 
We welcome your initial thoughts about the membership of the Leadership Group, and the 
role it should play. 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Extending the RUC exemption for light electric vehicles and introducing an 
exemption for heavy electric vehicles 

Cabinet decisions 
On 21 March 2016, Cabinet: 
RUC exemption for light electric vehicles 
34.1.  agreed that light electric vehicles be exempt from RUC until they comprise two 
percent of the light vehicle fleet, which is expected to occur by the end of 2021 
34.2.  agreed that the exemption from RUC for light electric vehicles be extended until 31 
December 2021 but that the appropriateness of this date, relative to the target of two 
percent of the fleet, be reviewed in 2019 [CAB-16-MIN-0108.01 refers]. 
Exemption for heavy electric vehicles 
34.3.  agreed that the RUC exemption for electric vehicles be extended to electric heavy 
vehicles, including trolley buses, and that the exemption apply until heavy electric 
vehicles comprise two percent of the heavy vehicle fleet 
34.4.  agreed that the exemption from RUC for heavy electric vehicles be set to end on 31 
December 2025, and that this date be reviewed as part of the 2019 review referred to 
34.5.  invited you to issue drafting instructions to the PCO to give effect to the RUC 
Timing of key deliverables and milestones 
We are currently working with NZTA to develop drafting instructions, which we aim to issue 
to PCO by July 2016. This includes instructions for the Orders in Council that will be required 
to enact the exemptions for light and heavy electric vehicles. 
Extending the exemption for light electric vehicles does not require an amendment to the 
RUC Act, and could be implemented by Order in Council before the end of the year. 
The proposed amendments to the RUC Act for the heavy electric vehicles exemption are 
expected to be progressed through the Energy Innovation (Electric Vehicles and Other 
Matters) Bill. We understand from MBIE that the target date for introducing the Bill is October 
2016. Once the Bill is passed, an Order in Council exempting heavy electric vehicles from 
RUC can be put in place. 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Stakeholder communications and engagement 
Heavy vehicle operators are very interested in the RUC exemption for heavy electric vehicles 
and are already seeking to understand from when the exemption will apply, and what types 
of vehicle technology will meet the definition of ‘electric vehicles’ for the purposes of the 
We have responded directly to some of these enquiries. Both NZTA and EECA have also 
been given the key messages below to use with operators they engage with regularly on 
operational matters.  
The following key messages to respond to enquiries about the RUC exemptions have been 
approved by your office: 
  The RUC exemption for light vehicles is already in place and this will be extended to 
2021, or until light electric vehicles make up 2 percent of the light vehicle fleet. The 
extension of this exemption will be legislated.  
  The RUC exemption for electric heavy vehicles also needs to be legislated. This process 
will start soon and further details will be announced in due course. The RUC exemption 
for heavy electric vehicles will be in place until 2025 in the first instance. 
  The definition of heavy electric vehicle will be one of the matters considered in drafting 
the legislation and potentially through the select committee process. 
  The exemptions aim to encourage New Zealand consumers and businesses to buy 
electric vehicles as they can contribute to a reduction in transport emissions and 
greenhouse gases and reduce New Zealand’s reliance on imported fossil fuels. 
  Operators of electric light vehicles (such as cars and SUVs) are expected to save around 
$600 per vehicle per year. While the savings will be significant for individual vehicle 
operators, the total cost is very small compared to the approximately $4 billion spent 
each year through the National Land Transport Fund. 
Risks and mitigations 
We are already aware that defining heavy electric vehicles for the purpose of the RUC 
exemption could be challenging. We are working with NZTA to determine what approach we 
might take to the definition for the purposes of issuing drafting instructions. We can continue 
to investigate options for the definition of heavy electric vehicles for the purpose of the RUC 
exemption after drafting instructions have been issued.  
The part of the definition in the RUC Act that differentiates a light RUC vehicle from a light 
electric RUC vehicle
 (i.e. a RUC vehicle with motive power wholly or partly derived from an 
external source of electricity) is unlikely to be suitable for differentiating a heavy RUC vehicle 
from a heavy electric RUC vehicle in the RUC Act. 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
This is because conventional hybrid heavy vehicles (such as the Mitsubishi FUSO Canter 
Eco Hybrid) could be retrofitted at low cost to enable it to plug-in, but may never actually be 
charged. Such retrofits would meet the definition of heavy electric vehicles if the definition of 
light electric RUC vehicle is used as a template. 
In other words, a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) could provide 100 percent electric 
operation if used well, yet could provide no electric operation at all. 
If the definition of heavy electric vehicle is left too open, it is likely to result in the number of 
vehicles meeting the definition reaching the 2 percent of the heavy fleet much earlier than 
previously anticipated, without achieving any significant benefit in terms of fuel savings or 
reduced carbon dioxide emissions. 
We are developing a proposed solution in consultation with the NZTA. Through the drafting 
instructions, we will attempt to minimise the risk of the perverse outcomes noted above while 
also leaving the scope of the exemption open for innovative vehicle technologies that use 
renewable electricity, such as the Wrightspeed plug-in hybrid electric technology. We will 
provide you with further advice about this matter before issuing drafting instructions. 
We are not concerned about the definition of light RUC electric vehicle because the value of 
the RUC exemption is lower, and therefore there is less incentive to retrofit. Plug-in electric 
light vehicles typically use petrol which is subject to fuel excise duty. This means that they 
have an added incentive to operate on electric power as much as possible. Although there 
are a small number of light diesel hybrids in use, we are not aware of any instances of these 
vehicles being converted to plug-in hybrids so as to qualify for the RUC exemption. 
Other considerations 
NZTA comment: There are a number of critical dependencies that impact on the work the 
NZTA needs to do to deliver on its responsibilities identified in the Programme. The most 
pressing is an agreed definition of both a light and heavy electric vehicle. Without an agreed 
definition, any enforcement relating to electric vehicles will be ineffective. This will have a 
significant impact on some of the incentives in the Programme. For example, the ability for 
electric vehicle users to travel in bus or high occupancy lanes.   
We are working with NZTA to develop agreed definition of both a light and heavy electric 
vehicle. We expect to have a proposed position by the end of June 2016. 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Investigating the feasibility of joint public-private procurement 
Cabinet decisions 
On 21 March 2016, Cabinet directed MBIE to: 
50.1.  investigate the feasibility of having joint public and private sector fleet procurement, 
including preferred administrative arrangements 
50.2.  report back to the Minister for Economic Development and the Minister of Transport 
by 30 June 2016 [CAB-16-MIN-0108.01 refers]. 
Timing of key deliverables and milestones 
As part of the joint public-private procurement initiative, MBIE’s NZ Government 
Procurement Branch has initiated project scoping for the feasibility review. Initial scoping will 
ensure the project is well established, including objectives, scope, project teams and roles, 
project governance, probity considerations, costs, risks and a timeline for the feasibility 
review. NZ Government Procurement expects to complete scoping by 10 June 2016. 
In accordance with Cabinet decisions, NZ Government Procurement will report back to you 
and the Minister for Economic Development by 30 June 2016. This report back will cover: 
52.1.  an assessment of the current opportunities for joint public-private procurement to 
support the proliferation of electric vehicles. Specifically understanding how a 
procurement partnership will impact demands and/or supply of electric vehicles. 
52.2.  identification of requirements and criteria to inform the strategy to procure electric 
52.3.  recommendations on how best to engage with fleet managers and manufacturers 
across the private and public sector and best deploy joint procurement  
52.4.  report on recommendations for administrative arrangements and the mechanism for 
alignment with the MBIE All-of-Government agreement model. 
Stakeholder communications and engagement 
NZ Government Procurement will lead the drafting of a stakeholder engagement and 
communications plan for the joint procurement initiative that will sit under the overarching 
communications plan.  
The communications plan will reflect our discussion with you on 25 May 2016, and include 
key messages. 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Risks and mitigations 
There is a risk that the joint public-private procurement initiative will be seen as taking too 
long. To mitigate, NZ Government Procurement is working with existing All-of-Government 
contracted suppliers to add their current electric vehicles models to the existing catalogues. 
This will provide options to meet the immediate needs of government agencies while the 
wider joint public-private procurement initiative is progressed. 
There is high potential for conflicts of interest given the overlaps between suppliers and 
advocacy groups. Probity and transparency will need to be managed effectively.   
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Supporting the development and roll-out of public charging infrastructure 
Cabinet decisions 
On 21 March 2016, Cabinet: 
57.1.  noted that NZTA will be supporting the development of public charging infrastructure 
through clarifying the regulatory framework and providing national information and 
57.2.  directed NZTA and the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority to coordinate 
their activities in supporting the development of public charging infrastructure [CAB-
16-MIN-0108.01 refers]. 
Specifically, the Cabinet paper seeking agreement to the Programme states that NZTA will 
support the development of public charging infrastructure by: 
58.1.  clarifying the regulatory framework for charging infrastructure. This includes: 
58.1.1. working with local government to develop shared standards and a knowledge base on the 
best placement of charging infrastructure and minimum infrastructure requirements  
58.1.2. ensuring processes to apply for access to the State highway corridor to install charging 
infrastructure are as streamlined as possible  
58.1.3. investigating whether it owns any unused land that could serve as a charging site and the 
potential to include charging infrastructure at State highway rest stops that are managed 
by the NZTA  
58.1.4. aligning the deployment of charging infrastructure installation and scheduled road works.  
58.2.  providing national information and guidance for public charging infrastructure. This 
58.2.1. providing traffic pattern data to aid with the planning of charging infrastructure placement  
58.2.2. developing standards for signage to indicate charging infrastructure or a special vehicle 
designation to ensure on-street charging infrastructure is reserved for electric vehicles  
58.2.3. adding charging infrastructure locations to the journey information it already provides to 
58.2.4. funding or co-funding enabling research  
58.2.5. supporting any shared procurement process for charging infrastructure to maximise 
economies of scale.  
Timing of key deliverables and milestones 
Preparatory work needs to be done by NZTA, in conjunction with EECA and the Ministry of 
Transport, to develop national information and guidance for local authorities, private 
investors and the general public on charging infrastructure.  
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
There are a number of issues related to the regulatory framework that must be in place 
before a full complement of guidance can be produced. It has therefore been proposed that 
the development of guidance take a staged approach, with more detail being added to the 
suite of information as things progress. 
It is anticipated that the end of December 2017 will be the final completion date for national 
information and guidance, with a supporting regulatory framework in place. The first 
deliverable, a draft guideline, is due to be completed at the end of September 2016. 
Stakeholder communications and engagement 
The NZTA is developing an integrated communications plan and engagement framework, 
due for immediate implementation. It is working with EECA and the Ministry of Transport on 
the development of this plan.  
Proposed key messages to respond to any enquiries about government actions regarding 
public charging infrastructure are: 
  NZTA is working on facilitating the uptake of electric vehicles into the  
New Zealand fleet.  
  Specifically, it is focused on supporting the private sector to provide charging 
  National guidance for road controlling authorities and private investors is being 
developed collaboratively so a consistent, market-led approach to charging station 
installation can be implemented throughout the country. This guidance will cover matters 
such as: 
o  accessing data to inform planning and decision making, for example current traffic 
pattern data and future network development plans 
o  minimum infrastructure requirements 
o  common signage standards 
o  a streamlined process for access to state highway corridors. 
Risks and mitigations 
As the Programme is market driven, there is considerable pressure from private sector 
investors to get the foundations in place as soon as possible. Preparatory work therefore 
needs to be done quickly to facilitate the uptake of electric vehicles into the New Zealand 
fleet and provide both the legislative and regulatory foundation for the management of 
electric vehicles on New Zealand roads.  
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
There is also uncertainty regarding the safety of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE 
e.g. charging cables) currently in use, and their compliance with New Zealand electrical 
safety regulations. Some charging cables that come with used imported vehicles may not 
comply with New Zealand’s electrical safety requirements.  
The development of guidance material for electric vehicle buyers and other stakeholders is 
dependent on clarifying the regulatory requirements for this equipment. This work requires 
input from Worksafe New Zealand. EECA is currently seeking clarification on this issue with 
Worksafe and MBIE.  
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
A nation-wide electric vehicle information and promotion campaign 
Cabinet decisions 
On 21 March 2016, Cabinet: 
67.1.  agreed that EECA deliver an information and promotion campaign for electric 
vehicles that would be directed at businesses and household consumers 
67.2.  invited you to request EECA to reprioritise $1 million per annum from its baseline 
funding from 2016/17 to resource the information and promotion  
67.3.  noted that MBIE would provide oversight of the information and promotion campaign 
[CAB-16-MIN-0108.01 refers]. 
Timing of key deliverables and milestones 
The first stage of EECA’s information campaign is focused on developing material to address 
immediate information needs and provide a base from which a broader public and fleet 
campaign can be built.   
These resources include charging information, ensuring car dealers are well informed as to 
the requirements of New Zealand’s electricity system when selling imported electric vehicles 
with chargers designed for other countries, and developing consistent guidelines for local 
authorities to use when considering electric vehicle infrastructure requests. The draft 
guidelines will be shared with your office prior to publication. These resources should be 
published by the end of September 2016, and will complement the material being developed 
by NZTA. 
Supporting material will also be developed for business fleets including charging 
infrastructure requirements; these should also be available by the end of September 2016. 
EECA will be working directly with fleets, including providing fleet consultations and 
supporting at least one fleet day event in 2016 (building on the event you attended in May 
2015), and working with MBIE to support the joint procurement initiative. 
EECA is also sponsoring a range of consumer and fleet electric vehicle events, with an 
increased focus on public outreach activities (including giving people the electric car driving 
experience) across the country (April 2017). These include The Wellington Electric Vehicle 
Symposium in June, a proposed International Electric Vehicle Week in September with the 
Better NZ Trust, fleet day(s) with Drive Electric (similar to the one you attended in May 2015) 
and an expanded nationwide electric vehicles road-trip in April with the Better NZ Trust. 
Further information will be provided to your office once details are confirmed. 
The objective of this phase is to ensure the buying, driving and charging of an electric 
vehicle (at home, work or at a public charging station) is a smooth and positive process. This 
is essential to transition electric vehicles from ‘early adopters’ to the ‘mainstream’.  
A broader public advertising campaign will start after 2016/17 once basic information is in 
place, and supporting services are able to respond with authority to requests from the public 
and fleets, and there is a broader range of vehicles available for ‘mainstream’ consumers to 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
EECA is undertaking market research to better understand consumer awareness, attitudes 
and understanding of terminology. EECA will provide you with an update once it has 
received the results. 
Stakeholder communications and engagement 
Proposed key messages to respond to any enquiries about the information and promotion 
campaign are: 
  The first stage of the information campaign is focused on resource development to 
address immediate information needs and provide a base from which a broader public 
and fleet campaign can be built. 
  This campaign is being led by EECA and it will have a community outreach component to 
it, building on the work that is already occurring with partners at regional and nationwide 
  EECA’s business team will be working alongside fleets to identify opportunities to 
transition vehicles to electric, and to take advantage of the joint procurement process. 
Risks and mitigations 
A key risk arises from the lack of clarity regarding the compliance and safety of EVSE (e.g. 
charging cables), as set out in paragraphs 61 and 62 above.  
Other considerations 
Ministry of Transport comment: We expect that EECA will design a clearer programme of 
activity with specific milestones for the information and promotion campaign over the coming 
months. We will update you on progress through our regular monthly reporting. 
Discussion point  
Which opportunities and events would you most like to be involved in (e.g. car launches, 
opening charging stations, community outreach)? 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Contestable fund to encourage and support innovative low emission vehicle projects 
Cabinet decisions 
On 13 April 2016, the Economic Growth and Infrastructure Committee: 
80.1.  agreed that a contestable fund of up to $6 million per annum be established to co-
fund industry and government initiatives aimed at promoting the uptake of electric 
and other low emission vehicles  
80.2.  agreed that the overarching principle of the contestable fund be that the fund should 
encourage innovation and investment to promote, enable, and/or accelerate the 
uptake of electric and other low emission vehicles into New Zealand, that might 
otherwise not occur 
80.3.  agreed a set of guiding principles of the contestable fund 
80.4.  directed officials to report back to you with a detailed proposal for how the 
assessment process would be deployed, including an indicative plan for years after 
2016/17 and proposals for the role of the leadership group 
80.5.  agreed that the contestable fund be administered by EECA, with oversight by the 
Ministry of Transport, MBIE and the Electric Vehicle Programme Leadership Group 
[EGI-16-MIN-0069 refers].  
Timing of key deliverables and milestones 
EECA, in coordination with MBIE and the Ministry of Transport, is leading the development 
of the design of the contestable fund. EECA has initiated development of the terms of 
reference for the fund and expects to complete them by July 2016. A report back to you on 
the terms of reference is scheduled for July 2016. 
The intention is that the first funding round would open in August 2016, with the market 
engagement process and decisions on winning proposals taking approximately four to five 
months. This means that the first funds may be awarded between December 2016 and 
February 2017. 
Stakeholder communications and engagement 
A communications and promotion plan for the contestable fund is to be completed in parallel 
to the terms of reference. 
Proposed key messages to respond to any enquiries about the contestable fund are: 
The contestable fund is aimed at promoting the uptake of electric and other low 
emission vehicles.  
the overarching principle of the contestable fund is that the fund should encourage 
innovation and investment to promote, enable, and/or accelerate the uptake of 
electric and other low emission vehicles into New Zealand, that might otherwise not 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
  The design of the contestable fund is currently underway, with more detailed information 
to be made publicly available by the end of July at the earliest. 
  It is important to think about and scope potential projects, in light of the objective of the 
fund to encourage and support innovative low emission vehicle projects. 
  Subsidies for vehicle purchases are outside the fund’s scope. 
Risks and mitigations 
Delays during the design stage: A number of key questions on the nature of the fund and 
how it will be implemented are currently unclear. Officials are working at a cross agency level 
to develop an effective design.   
Level of stakeholder response to first funding round: The first funding round may not get 
sufficient responses from stakeholders because some worthwhile projects may not fit the 
fund's design parameters. Alternatively, EECA may experience oversubscription of 
unsuitable projects. Officials are considering options to help ensure that the fund’s design 
and criteria are sufficiently broad so as not unnecessarily preclude worthwhile ideas. 
Discussion points  
Is the contestable fund to target low emission vehicle projects that represent both innovation 
and investment, or will projects be considered if they have at least one of these attributes? 
EECA has received a number of enquiries from interested stakeholders around the scope of 
the contestable fund and whether or not it extends to electric ferries or electric bicycle 
projects. Do you have any views on the scope of the fund and whether it is to be exclusively 
used for projects related to light and heavy road vehicles? 
Ministry of Transport comment: We recommend that the fund focus on projects to support 
the uptake of light and heavy electric vehicles, and thereby help achieve the uptake targets 
set by the Government.  
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Enabling electric vehicles to access bus and high-occupancy vehicle lanes 
Cabinet decisions 
On 21 March 2016, Cabinet agreed to: 
90.1.  amend the Land Transport Act 1998 to clearly empower road controlling authorities to 
make bylaws allowing electric vehicles to use special vehicle lanes  
90.2.  make amendments to the Land Transport (Road User) Rule 2004, and related 
provisions in Land Transport Rule: Traffic Control Devices 2004, to enable road 
controlling authorities to allow electric vehicles access to bus and high occupancy 
vehicle lanes [CAB-16-MIN-0108.01 refers]. 
Timing of key deliverables and milestones 
We expect to develop drafting instructions to give effect to the decision in paragraph 86.1 by 
July 2016, and issue them to PCO at the same time as drafting instructions for the RUC 
exemptions. Both sets of amendments will be progressed through the Energy Innovation Bill. 
We expect to seek your agreement to consult on the draft Rule to give effect to the decision 
in paragraph 86.2 in August 2016. If you agree, the draft Rule would be out for consultation 
at the same time that the Energy Innovation Bill is at select committee. This would mean that 
stakeholders could view the proposed amendments to the Land Transport Act alongside the 
draft Rule, and therefore make more informed submissions on both matters. 
Following a three month consultation period on the draft Rule, we will provide you with 
further advice about the proposed Rule changes, and a final Rule for signing in early 2017. 
We will provide you with more advice on the proposed timing of Rule changes when we 
provide you with the draft Rule. 
Stakeholder communications and engagement 
As part of the rule-making process, there needs to be consultation on the draft Rule to 
enable road controlling authorities to allow electric vehicles access to bus and high 
occupancy vehicle lanes. We will prepare consultation material to support this process. You 
will have the opportunity to review the draft Rule and associated material before it is 
released for consultation. 
Proposed key messages to respond to any enquiries about enabling electric vehicles to 
access bus and high-occupancy vehicle lanes are: 
  Overseas experience has shown that allowing electric vehicles into transit and bus lanes 
is a very effective non-financial incentive to encourage people to switch to electric 
  The Government will need to make changes to Land Transport Rules and the Land 
Transport Act 1998 to enable the NZTA and local authorities to allow electric vehicles 
into special vehicle lanes, such as bus and transit lanes. 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
  This process is due to begin shortly and further details, including consultation, will be 
announced in due course.  
  Opening up these special vehicle lanes to electric vehicles will ultimately be a decision 
for local councils and the New Zealand Transport Agency, in consultation with 
Risks and mitigations 
To mitigate the risk of confusion to road users, we recommend that the Rule process follow 
the timing of the Energy Innovation Bill, particularly in terms of consultation and enactment. 
We will need to balance competing interests (for example efficiency of the network, 
enforcement, and costs) when designing the Rule and Act amendments to give effect to the 
Government’s decisions. As a first step, we will engage with NZTA and NZ Police to develop 
the draft Rule amendments and options for balancing competing interests within the 
regulatory regime. 
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Review of tax depreciation rates and the method for calculating fringe benefit tax 
(FBT) for electric vehicles 

Cabinet decisions 
On 21 March 2016, Cabinet: 
98.1.  directed IRD, in consultation with industry stakeholder groups, to review the 
depreciation rate and the method used to calculate fringe benefit tax as they relate to 
electric vehicles 
98.2.  invited the Minister of Revenue to report on the results of these reviews to you by 31 
March 2017 [CAB-16-MIN-0108.01 refers]. 
Timing of key deliverables and milestones 
IRD will advise the Minister of Revenue on the results of the reviews by February 2017. The 
Electric Vehicles Programme Working Group will be informed of the reviews’ findings.  
Stakeholder communications and engagement 
100.  IRD will be seeking information from industry stakeholder groups to determine whether the 
estimated useful life of electric vehicles is different to the estimates that apply to other motor 
vehicles. This information will also inform work on how the amount of FBT is calculated 
where business electric vehicles are used for private purposes.  
101.  Proposed key messages to respond to any enquiries about the reviews of tax rates applying 
to electric vehicles include: 
  The reviews will consider whether the depreciation rules and the FBT rules are 
discouraging otherwise sensible investment in electric vehicles.     
  The reviews require evidence that will enable estimates of an electric vehicle’s useful life 
to be calculated.   
  If the reviews demonstrate that electric vehicles are being disadvantaged, it could result 
in changes to put electric vehicles on a level playing field with petrol and diesel vehicles. 
  The reviews will be undertaken in accordance with the generic tax policy process, which 
is a highly consultative process.       
Risks and mitigations 
102.  The industry might argue for concessions to encourage investment in electric vehicles. The 
Government’s broad-base, low-rate tax policy framework suggests that there is little room for 
such arguments. Moreover, both the depreciation and fringe benefit rules also use robust 
analytical frameworks. 
103.  The generic tax policy process enables open communication between officials and industry. 
This reduces the risk of surprises.   
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Review ACC levies for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles 
Cabinet decisions 
104.  On 21 March 2016, Cabinet: 
104.1.  directed officials to work with MBIE to investigate how the ACC levy overcharge by 
plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) might be addressed, and to report back to 
Cabinet by 1 October 2016 with recommendations 
104.2.  agreed that if any changes require amendments to the Accident Compensation Act 
2001, these can be considered as part of the Energy Innovation Bill [CAB-16-MIN-
0108.01 refers]. 
Timing of key deliverables and milestones 
105.  At this stage, officials consider that regulatory options to address this issue can be 
progressed under existing legislation.  
106.  With our support, MBIE and ACC will review the way PHEVs are levied. Together, we will 
keep you and the Minister for ACC informed of this work and on any proposed changes to 
the way PHEVs are charged ACC levies.  
107.  In accordance with the Accident Compensation Act 2001, ACC is required to consult on any 
proposed changes to the way PHEVs are levied. ACC intends to undertake this consultation 
as part of its wider levy consultation on 2017/18 and 2018/19 levies later this year (likely to 
be held over September or October 2016).  
108.  Any proposed changes to the way PHEVs are levied will be considered by the Economic 
Growth and Infrastructure Committee later this year. This may be considered in conjunction 
with decisions sought on levy rates and other levy proposals for the 2017/18 and 2018/19 
levy periods. Any changes to the way PHEVs are levied would be effective from 1 July 2017, 
and would apply for the 2017/18 and 2018/19 levy periods. 
Stakeholder communications and engagement 
109.  As noted above, formal consultation is required on any proposed changes to levies, including 
levies paid for PHEVs. Cabinet would note or agree to the consultation prior to it occurring. 
110.  Proposed key messages to respond to any enquiries about the review of ACC levies for 
plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are: 
  Officials are looking into the way PHEVs are levied, to ensure owners of these vehicles 
pay fair ACC levies.   
  After considering feasible options, any prospective changes to the way these vehicles 
are levied would be consulted on as part of the next ACC levy consultation later this year.  
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Appendix 1 – Electric Vehicle Programme implementation 
Risks and mitigations 
111.  There are sufficient regulation making powers to create new differentiated levies to progress 
options that could address this issue (i.e. differentiated levies can be applied to different 
categories of vehicles). This means legislative amendments would not be required. However, 
the feasibility of options may be limited at this time due to operational constraints. 
Operational implications will be considered as the investigation into options to address the 
ACC overcharge progresses. 
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